Revelation 1:4


John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and Bfrom the seven Spirits which are before his throne;

These three, Is, Was, and Shall be, signify the word Jehovah, which is the proper name for God.(4) That is, from the Holy Spirit who proceeds from the Father and the Son. This Spirit is one in person according to his subsistence: but in communication of his power, and in demonstration of his divine works in those seven churches, perfectly manifests himself as if there were many spirits, every one perfectly working in his own church. Which is why in Rev 5:6 they are called the seven horns and seven eyes of the Lamb, as if to say, as his most absolute power and wisdom. In Rev 3:1 Christ is said to have those seven spirits of God, and in Rev 4:5 it is said that seven lamps burn before his throne, which also are those seven spirits of God. That this place ought to be so understood, it is thus proved. For first, grace and peace is asked by prayer from this Spirit, which is a divine work, and an action incommunicable in respect to God. Secondly, he is placed between the Father and the Son, as set in the same degree of dignity and operation with them, besides, he is before the throne, as of the same substance with the Father and the Son: as the seven eyes and seven horns of the Lamb. Moreover, these spirits are never said to adore God, as all other things are. Finally, this is the power by which the Lamb opened the book, and loosed the seven seals of it, when no one could be found among all creatures by whom the book might be opened Rev 5:1-10; Of these things long ago Master John Luide of Oxford wrote to me. Now the Holy Spirit is named before Christ because a long speech about Christ follows. (d) These are the seven spirits, which are later called the horns and eyes of the Lamb in Rev 5:6 and are now acting as a guard waiting on God.

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